快乐赛车软件

清洁能源与自然

快乐赛车软件 nengyuanshiyiqieshengmingshengcundejichu,zhiwuxuyaoxishouguangneng,dongwuxuyaosherushiwudehuaxueneng。renleiyouyufaxianbingliyonglemeitanerburuxiandaihuashehui,zaimouzhongyiyishangjiang,renleishehuidefazhanlibukaiyouzhinengyuandechuxianhexianjinnengyuanjishudeshiyong。suoweiyouzhinengyuanjiushizhinengliangmidugao、yihuode、kekongzhidenengyuan。

anzhaoshifoukezaisheng、liyongfangshi、kaifazhouqidengnengyuankeyihuafenweiduozhongleixing。xianrujinwenshixiaoyingdehuanjingyalixia,fazhanqingjienengyuanyichengweiquanqiushehuidegongshi。dianjixiatu,rangwomenyiqilejiegezhongqingjienengyuanba!

1) 风能是什么?

shiyinkongqiliuzuogongertigongjirenleideyizhongkeliyongdenengliang,shuyukezaishengnengyuan(baokuoshuineng,shengwunengdeng)。kongqiliujuyoudedongnengchengfengneng。kongqiliusuyuegao,dongnengyueda。renmenkeyiyongfengchebafengdedongnengzhuanhuaweixuanzhuandedongzuoqutuidongfadianji,yichanshengdianli。

2) 全球风能总量有多大,在中国风力资源主要分布在哪里呢?

quanqiudefengnengyuewei2.74wanyiqianwa,qizhongkeliyongdefengnengwei200yiqianwa(muqianquanqiufengdianzhuangjiyue3.2yiqianwa),bidiqiushangkekaifaliyongdeshuinengzonglianghaiyaoda10bei。woguo10migaoducengdefengnengziyuanzongchuliangwei32.26yiqianwa,qizhongshijikekaifaliyongdefengnengziyuanchuliangwei2.53yiqianwa。

快乐赛车软件zhongguojinhaifengnengziyuanyueweiludide3bei,zhongguokekaifafengnengziyuanzongliangyuewei10yiqianwa。dongnanyanhaijiqifujindaoyushifengnengziyuanfengfudiqu,xinjiangbeibu、neimenggu 、gansubeibuyeshizhongguofengnengziyuanfengfudediqu。heilongjiang、jilindongbu、hebeibeibujiliaodongbandaodefengnengziyuanyejiaohao。

快乐赛车软件qingzanggaoyuansuifengsuda,danhaibagao、kongqimiduxiao,suoyiyouxiaofengnengmiduyejiaodi。yunnan、guizhou、sichuan、gansu、shanxinanbu、henan、hunanxibu、fujian、guangdong、guangxideshanqujixinjiangtalimupendihexizangdeyaluzangbujiangweifengnengziyuanpinfadiqu。qizhongqinghai、gansu、xinjiangheneimengkekaifadefengnengchuliangfenbiewei1143wanqianwa、2421wanqianwa、3433wanqianwahe6178wanqianwa,shizhongguodalufengnengchubeizuifengfudediqu。

fengnengshiyizhongganjingdezirannengyuan,buhuixiangchangguinengyuan(rumeidian,youdian)neiyangzaochenghuanjingwurandewenti。pingjunmeizhuangyitaidanjirongliangwei1zhaowadefengnengfadianji,meiniankeyijianpai2000duneryanghuatan(xiangdangyuzhongzhi1pingfangyinglideshumu)、10duneryanghualiu、6duneryanghuadan。fengnengchansheng1zhaowaxiaoshidedianliangkeyijianshao0.8~0.9dundewenshiqiti,xiangdangyumeihuokuangwuranliaoyinianchanshengdeqitiliang。erqiefengjibuhuiweihainiaoleiheqitayeshengdongwu。zaichangguinengyuangaojihequanqiushengtaihuanjingehuadeshuangzhongyalixia,fengnengzuoweiyizhonggaoxiaoqingjiedexinnengyuanyouzhejudadefazhanqianli。

3) 风能的利用

fengnengdeliyongzhuyaoshiyifengnengzuodonglihefenglifadianliangzhongxingshi,qizhongyouyifenglifadianweizhu。yifengnengzuodongli,jiushiliyongfenglaizhijiedaidonggezhongjixiezhuangzhi,rudaidongshuibengtishuidengzheizhongfenglifadongjideyoudianshi:touzishao、gongxiaogao、jingjinaiyong。

4) 何谓风力发电?风力发电的基本工作原理是什么?

快乐赛车软件zhongsuozhouzhi,fengshikongqiliudongdejieguo,tashiyoudiqiuzizhuanhetaiyangfushegongtongzuoyongxingchengde。yifengliweidonglizuogong,qudongfadianjixuanzhuan(fengnengzhuanhuanweijixieneng),chanshengnengliang(jixienengzhuanhuanweidianneng),zheizhongfadianfangshijiaozuofenglifadian。

5) 发展风力发电具有什么优势?

fengdianjishuriquchengshu,chanpinzhiliangkekao,keyonglvyida95%yishang,yishiyizhonganquankekaodenengyuan,fenglifadiandejingjixingriyitigao,fadianchengbenyijiejinmeidian,diyuyoudianyuhedian,ruojijimeidiandehuanjingbaohuyujiaotongyunshudejianjietouzi,zefengdianjingjixingjiangyouyumeidian。fenglifadianchangjianshegongqiduan,dantaijizuanzhuangjinxujizhou,congtujian、anzhuangdaotouchan,zhixubannianzhiyinianshijian,shimeidian、hedianwukebinide。

touziguimolinghuo,youduoshaoqianzhuangduoshaoji。duiyanhaidaoyu,jiaotongbubiandebianyuanshanqu,diguangrenxidecaoyuanmuchang,yijiyuanlidianwanghejinqineidianwanghainanyidadaodenongcun、bianjianglaishuo,kezuoweijiejueshengchanheshenghuonengyuandeyizhongyouxiaotujing。

6) 什么是风电场?

风力发电场(简称风电场),是将多台大型并网式的风力发电机安装在风能资源好的场地,按照地形和主风向排成阵列,组成机群向电网供电。风力发电机就像种庄稼一样排列在地面上,故形象地称为“风力田”。风力发电场于20世纪80年代初在美国的加利福尼亚州兴起,现在被全世界大力发展风电的各个国家广泛采用。

1)什么是原子能?

原子是由质子、中子和电子组成。 原子的核心部分称为原子核,由质子和中子构成。原子能即原子核能,是核结构发生变化时放出的能量。
快乐赛车软件例如,核电站所用的核燃料中有效成分是铀235,如果能让1千克铀235的原子核全部分裂成碎片(裂变),则它可以释放出相当于2700吨标准煤完全燃烧所放出的能量。

2)什么是核电站?

快乐赛车软件hedianzhanshiliyonghenenglaidaguimoshengchandianlidefadianzhan。tayuwomenchangjiandehuolifadianchangyiyang,douyongzhengqituidongqilunjixuanzhuan,daidongfadianjifadian。tamendezhuyaobutongzaiyuzhengqigongyingxitong。huodianzhanyikaoranshaohuashiranliao(mei、shiyouhuotianranqi)shifangdehuaxuenengzhizaozhengqi,hedianzhanzeyikaoheranliaodeheliebianfanyingshifangdehenenglaizhizaozhengqi。

请进入核电博物馆,走进核科学的世界吧!

1) 太阳能是什么?

快乐赛车软件yibanshizhitaiyangguangdefushenengliang,zaixiandaiyibanyongzuofadian。taiyangneibugaowenhejubianfanyingsuoshifangdefusheneng,qizhongyueershiyifenzhiyidaodadiqiudaqiceng,shidiqiushangguangheredeyuanquanzidiqiuxingchengshengwujiuzhuyaoyitaiyangtigongdereheguangshengcun,erzigurenleiyedongdeyiyangguangshaiganwujian,danzaihuashiranliaojianshaoxia,caiyouyibataiyangnengjinyibufazhan。

taiyangnengdeliyongyoubeidongshiliyong(guangrezhuanhuan)heguangdianzhuanhuanliangzhongfangshi。

2) 我国太阳能资源分布

快乐赛车软件zaiwoguo,xizangxibutaiyangnengziyuanzuifengfu,zuigaodameipingfangmi2333qianwashi(rifusheliangmeipingfangmi6.4qianwashi),jushijiedierwei,jinciyusahaladashamo。genjugedijieshoutaiyangzongfusheliangdeduoshao,kejiangquanguohuafenweiwuleidiqu。

3) 太阳能的利用

快乐赛车软件(1) guangyuredezhuanhuan。rutaiyangnengreshuiqi、taiyangnengzao、taiyangnengrefadianxitongdeng。

(2) guangyudiandezhuanhuan,rutaiyangnengdianchiban、taiyangnengche、chuandeng。

taiyangnengqingjienengyuanshijiangtaiyangdeguangnengzhuanhuanchengweiqitaxingshidereneng、dianneng、huaxueneng,nengyuanzhuanhuanguochengzhongbuchanshengqitayouhaideqitihuogutifeiliao,shiyizhonghuanbao、anquan、wuwurandexinxingnengyuan。muqiankaizhandeduitaiyangnengzongheliyongdequanshengmingpinggu(lca)jieguoxianshi,yiwangdetaiyangnengguangdianzhuanhuandeliyongfangshi,youyuyilaitaiyangnengdianchibanzheiyishengchanguochengzhonggaowuran、gaohaonengdecailiao,yinciliyongchengbenhehuanjingdaijiadoujiaogao。muqianyanjiuderedianzaitaiyangnengreliyongfangxiangshang。

4) 光热发电是什么?

taiyangnengguangrefadianshizhiliyongdaguimozhenliepaowuhuodiexingjingmianshoujitaiyangreneng,tongguohuanrezhuangzhitigongzhengqi,jiehechuantongqilunfadianjidegongyi,congerdadaofadiandemude。caiyongtaiyangnengguangrefadianjishu,bimianleangguideguijingguangdianzhuanhuangongyi,keyidadajiangditaiyangnengfadiandechengben。erqie,zheizhongxingshidetaiyangnengliyonghaiyouyigeqitaxingshidetaiyangnengzhuanhuansuowufabinideyoushi,jitaiyangnengsuoshaoredeshuikeyichucunzaijudaderongqizhong,zaitaiyangluoshanhoujigexiaoshirengrannenggoudaidongqilunfadian。

5) 什么是光热电站?

zheizhongfadianzhanjiushixianjiangtaiyangnengzhuanbianchengreneng,ranhouzaitongguojixienengzhuangzhizhuanbianchengdianneng。renengchongdanglecongtaiyangnengdaodiannengde“zhongjieren”。taiyangnengredianzhandenengliangzhuanhuantayufenbushijuguangqidezhuyaoqubieshixirezhuangzhibutong。dianzhanyouyigegaota,tadingshangzhuangyouguolu(zhongxinjieshouqi),tadezhouweizhuangyoupingmianfanshejing(dingrijing),tabayangguangfanshehoujizhongzaiguolushang,baguoluneidegongzuowuzhishuijiarechenggaowengaoyazhengqi。gaowengaoyazhengqitongguoguandaoyibufenshusongdaoqilunfadianji,yibufenshusongdaochureqibarenengchucunqilai,yibeiwuyangguangshishiyong。muqianmeiguo、ribendengguoyijianchengshaoliangtaiyangnengfadianzhan。woguoyeyikaizhanledaliangdeyanjiuyushiyangongzuo,tebieshizaifenbushihetashitaiyangnengfadianzhanfangmian,yiqudekexidejinzhan。

6) 光热发电的原理

快乐赛车软件taiyangnengguangrefadiandeyuanlishi,tongguofanshejingjiangtaiyangguanghuijudaotaiyangnengshoujizhuangzhi,liyongtaiyangnengjiareshoujizhuangzhineidechuanrejiezhi(yetihuoqiti),zaijiareshuixingchengzhengqidaidonghuozhezhijiedaidongfadianjifadian。taiyangnengrefadianzaizaoshang6dianzhongyiqianjikegongyingnengliang,zhihoukechixugongyingnengliangdao24dian,zheishiguangfufadiansuobunengdadaode。

7) 光热发电的优势在哪里?

快乐赛车软件congjishujiaodushangkan,guangrefadianyouqidudaodesandayoushi。yishishangwanggonglvpingwen,shijianzhang。kaolvyunzheqingkuang,muqianxureshijian10xiaoshizuoyou,erguangfuquemeiyouxudianxitong。ershiyurezongheliyong,zheishiqitaxinnengyuansuomeiyoudetexing。zheigetexingkeshiguangrefadianyuchangguinengyuanshixianhubu,shixianjianmeimubiao,dadaojienengjianpaixiaoguo。sanshiyouyidehuanjingtexing。guangrefadianmeiqianqianwashidianliangpaichueryanghuatanjinyou12qianke,guangfufadianshi110qianke,tianranqifadianwei435qianke,meidianwei900qianke。

8) 光伏发电是什么?

guangfufadianshiliyongbandaotijiemiandeguangshengfutexiaoyingerjiangguangnengzhijiezhuanbianweidiannengdeyizhongjishu。zheizhongjishudeguanjianyuanjianshitaiyangnengdianchi。taiyangnengdianchijingguochuanlianhoujinxingfengzhuangbaohukexingchengdamianjidetaiyangdianchizujian,zaipeiheshanggonglvkongzhiqidengbujianjiuxingchengleguangfufadianzhuangzhi。

9) 什么是光伏电站?

快乐赛车软件guangfudianzhanshiliyongtaiyangnengdianchibandaoticailiaodeguangfuxiaoying,jiangtaiyangguangfushenengzhijiezhuanhuanweidiannengdeyizhongxinxingfadianxitong,youduliyunxinghebingwangyunxingliangzhongfangshi。

10) 光伏发电的原理是什么呢?

guangfufadianshigenjuguangshengfutexiaoyingyuanli,liyongtaiyangdianchijiangtaiyangguangnengzhijiezhuanhuaweidianneng。bulunshidulishiyonghaishibingwangfadian,guangfufadianxitongzhuyaoyoutaiyangdianchiban(zujian)、kongzhiqihenibianqisandabufenzucheng,tamenzhuyaoyoudianziyuanqijiangoucheng,bushejijixiebujian。guangfufadianshebeijiweijinglian,kekaowendingshoumingzhang、anzhuangweihujianbian。lilunshangjiang,guangfufadianjishukeyiyongyurenhexuyaodianyuandechanghe,shangzhihangtianqi,xiazhijiayongdianyuan,dadaozhaowajidianzhan,xiaodaowanju,guangfudianyuanwuchubuzai。

11) 光伏发电优点有哪些?

快乐赛车软件(1) taiyangnengquzhibujin,yongzhibujie,diqiubiaomianjieshoudetaiyangfusheneng,zugoumanzumuqianquanqiunengyuanxuqiude1wanbei。zhiyaozaiquanqiu4%shamoshanganzhuangtaiyangnengguangfuxitong,suofadianlijiukeyimanzuquanqiudexuyao。taiyangnengfadiananquankekao,buhuizaoshounengyuanweijihuoranliaoshichangbuwendingdechongji;

(2) taiyangnengsuichukechu,kejiujingongdian,bubizhangjulishusong,bimianlezhangjulishudianxianludesunshi;

(3) taiyangnengbuyongranliao,yunxingchengbenhendi;

快乐赛车软件(4) taiyangnengfadianmeiyouyundongbujian,buyiyongsunhuai,weihujiandan,tebieshiheyuwurenzhishouqingkuangxiashiyong;

(5) taiyangnengfadianbuhuichanshengrenhefeiqiwu,meiyouwuran、zaoshengdenggonghai,duihuanjingwubuliangyingxiang,shilixiangdeqingjienengyuan;

(6) taiyangnengfadianxitongjianshezhouqiduan,fangbianlinghuo,erqiekeyigenjufuhedezengjian,renyitianjiahuojianshaotaiyangnengfangzhenrongliang,bimianlangfei。

12) 居民太阳能发电优势众多,多在哪?

快乐赛车软件muqian,woguonengyuanchanyejiegouzhuyaoyihuodianweizhu,meinianxiangdaqizhongpaifangdaliangdeeryanghuatan、eryanghualiudengwuranwu。erwoguotaiyangnengziyuanquehenfengfu。shujuxianshi,taiyangnengfadianziyuannengdadao2.1wanyiqianwa,zhixukaifa1%jidadao210yiqianwa,zheizaiguojiajienengjianpaishiyezhongfahuizhongyaozuoyong。

快乐赛车软件yishinengliangtouruchanchubigao。congxinjiandianzhansuoxiaohaonengliangyudianzhanyunxingzhouqineidefadianliangzhibikan,taiyangnengfadiankeda10~15bei,zaiguangzhaolianghaodediqukedadao15~20bei,zheimejudadenengliangchanchuyuqitanengyuanxiangbiyouhendayoushi。

ershicongdianzhanjianshechengbenkan,suizhetaiyangnengfadiandedaguimoyingyonghetuiguang,youqishijingtiguichanyeheguangfufadianjishuderiquchengshu,jianzhufangding、waiqiangdengpingtaidefuhekaifaliyong,meiqianwataiyangnengfadianjianshechengbenzaijinjinianneikenengjiangzhi7000yuan~10000yuan,xiangbiqitakezaishengnengyuanjuyoutongyangjingjiyoushi。

三是碳排放量最少。从目前各种发电方式的碳排放量来看,煤电为275克,油发电为20克,天然气发电为181克,风力发电为204克,而太阳能发电则接近零排放。如果安装90平方米的太阳能发电设备,日发电量最高可达到18度,年发电量平均达到5000度,相当于节省约1900公斤标准煤,减排二氧化碳6吨。
四是转换环节最少最直接。太阳能发电直接将太阳辐射能转换为电能,对太阳能的转换环节较少、利用也最为直接。

13) 我的屋顶想装太阳能发电,系统包括些什么?

taiyangnengguangfufadianxitongzhuyaoshiyoutaiyangnengdianchifangzhen、kongzhiqi、xudianchizu、nibianqidengshebeizucheng,qigebufenshebeidezuoyongshi:

快乐赛车软件(1)taiyangnengdianchifangzhen。taiyangdianchifangzhenyoutaiyangdianchizuhebanhefangzhenzhijiazucheng。yinweidangetaiyangdianchidedianyayibanbijiaodi,suoyitongchangdouyaobatamenchuan、bingliangouchengyoushiyongjiazhidetaiyangdianchiban,zuoweiyigeyingyongdanyuan,ranhougenjugongdianyaoqiu,zaiyouduogeyingyongdanyuandechuan、binglianzuchengtaiyangnengdianchifangzhen。taiyangnengdianchiban(mouxiebandaoticailiao,zhuyaoshiduojinggui、danjingguiyijifeijinggui,jingguoyidinggongyizuzhuangqilai)shitaiyangnengguangfuxitongzhongdezuizhuyaozuchengbufen,yeshitaiyangnengguangfufadianxitongzhongjiazhizuigaodebufen。taiyangnengdianchibanzaiyouguangzhaoqingkuangxia,dianchixishouguangneng,dianchiliangduanchuxianyihaodianhedejilei,jichansheng“guangshengdianya”,zheijiushi“guangdianxiaoying”。zaiguangdianxiaoyingdezuoyongxia,taiyangnengdianchideliangduanchanshengdiandongshi,jiangguangnengzhuanhuanchengdianneng,tashinengliangzhuanhuandeqijian。

(2)xudianchizu。qizuoyongshizhucuntaiyangnengdianchifangzhenshouguangzhaoshifachudediannengbingkesuishixiangfuzaigongdian。zaitaiyangnengbingwangfadianxitongzhong,kebujiaxudianchizu。

快乐赛车软件(3)kongzhiqi。duidiannengjinxingdiaojiehekongzhidezhuangzhi。

(4)逆变器。是将太阳能电池方阵和蓄电池提供的直流电转换成交流电的设备,是光伏并网发电系统的关键部件。由于太阳能电池和蓄电池是直流电源,当负载是交流负载时,逆变器是必不可少的。逆变器按运行方式,可分为独立运行逆变器和并网逆变器。独立运行逆变器用于独立运行的太阳能电池发电系统,为独立负载供电。

1) 海洋能源是什么?

haiyangnengyuantongchangzhihaiyangzhongsuoyunzangdekezaishengdezirannengyuan,zhuyaoweichaoxineng、bolangneng、hailiuneng(chaoliuneng)、haishuiwenchanenghehaishuiyanchaneng。gengguangyidehaiyangnengyuanhaibaokuohaiyangshangkongdefengneng、haiyangbiaomiandetaiyangnengyijihaiyangshengwuzhinengdeng。haiyangnengdebiaoxianxingshiduozhongduoyang,tongchangbaokuo:chaoxineng、bolangneng、haiyangwenchaneng、haiyangyanchanenghehailiunengdeng。

2) 潮汐能

chaoxinengshiconghaishuimianzhouyejiandezhangluozhonghuodedenengliang。chaoxinengbaokuochaoxihechaoliuliangzhongyundongfangshisuobaohandenengliang,chaoshuizaizhangluozhongyunzangzhejudanengliang,zheizhongnengliangshiyonghengde、wuwurandenengliang。chaoxidaozhihaishuipingmianzhouqixingdishengjiang,yinhaishuizhangluojichaoshuiliudongsuochanshengdenengliangchengweichaoxineng。

3) 波浪能

bolangnengshizhihaiyangbiaomianbolangsuojuyoudedongnengheshineng,shihaiyangnengyuanzhongnengliangzuibuwendingdeyizhongnengyuan。bolangnengshiyoufengbanengliangchuandijihaiyangerchanshengde,tashizhishangshixishoulefengnengerxingchengde。

4) 温差能

wenchanengshizhihaiyangbiaocenghaishuiheshencenghaishuizhijianshuiwenzhichadereneng。haiyangshidiqiushangyigejudadetaiyangnengjirehexureqi。youtaiyangtoushedaodiqiubiaomiandetaiyangnengdabufenbeihaishuixishou,shihaiyangbiaocengshuiwenshenggao。chidaofujintaiyangzhisheduo,qihaiyudebiaocengwendukeda25~28℃,bosiwanhehonghaiyouyubeiyanredeludibaowei,qihaimianshuiwenkeda35℃。erzaihaiyangshenchu50o~1000michuhaishuiwenduquezhiyou3~6℃。zheigechuizhidewenchajiushiyigekegongliyongdejudanengyuan。zaidabufenredaiheyaredaihaiqu,biaocengshuiwenhe1000mishenchudeshuiwenxiangcha20℃yishang,zheishirenengzhuanhuansuoxudezuixiaowencha。

5) 盐差能

快乐赛车软件yanchanengshiyihuaxuenengxingtaichuxiandehaiyangneng。diqiushangdeshuifenweiliangdalei:danshuihexianshui。quanshijieshuidezongchuliangwei152.6lifangqianmi,qizhong97.2%weifenbuzaidayangheqianhaizhongdexianshui。zailudishuizhong,2.15%weiweiyuliangjidebinggaihegaoshandebingchuanzhongdechushui,yuxiade0.65%caishikegongrenleizhijieliyongdedanshui。haiyangdexianshuizhonghanyougezhongkuangwuhedaliangdeshiyan,1lifangqianmidehaishuilijihanyou3600wandunshiyan。zaidanshuiyuhaishuizhijianyouzhehendadeshentouyalicha(xiangdangyu240mideshuitou)。

6) 海流能

海流能是另一种以动能形态出现的海洋能。所谓海流主要是指海底水道和海峡中较为稳定的流动以及由于节能环保潮汐导致的有规律的海水流动。其中一种是海水环流,是指大量的海水从一个海域长距离地流向另一个海域。海水流动会产生巨大能量。

1) 生物质能是什么?

快乐赛车软件shengwuzhishizhiyouguanghezuoyongerchanshengdegezhongyoujiti,guanghezuoyongliyongkongqizhongdeeryanghuatanheturangzhongdeshui,jiangxishoudetaiyangnengzhuanhuanweitanshuihuahewuheyangqi。zaigezhongkezaishengnengyuanzhong,shengwuzhinengshilvsezhiwutongguoyelvsujiangtaiyangnengzhuanhuaweihuaxuenengerchucunzaishengwuzhongdeyizhongnengliangxingshi,shiyishengwuzhiweizaitidenengliang,shiyizhongweiyikezaishengdetanyuan,kezhuanhuachengchangguigutai、yetaiheqitairanliao。

快乐赛车软件shengwunengshidisidanengyuan,shengwuzhibianbushijiegedi,qiyunzangliangjida。shijieshangshengwuzhiziyuanshuliangpangda,xingshifanduo,qizhongbaokuoxinchai、nonglinzuowu、youqishiweileshengchannengyuanerzhongzhidenengyuanzuowu,nongyehelinyecanshengwu,shipinjiagonghelinchanpinjiagongdexiajiaoliao,chengshigutifeiqiwu,shenghuowushuiheshuishengzhiwudengdeng(zhongguoshengwuzhiziyuanzhuyaoshinongyefeiqiwujinonglinchanpinjiagongyefeiqiwu、xinchai、renchufenbian、chengzhenshenghuolajidengsigefangmian)。shengwuzhinengdeyuanshinenglianglaiyuanyutaiyang,suoyicongguangyishangjiang,shengwuzhinengshitaiyangnengdeyizhongbiaoxianxingshi。

2) 生物质能的利用

shengwuzhinengshiyizhongqingjieyouzhidekezaishengnengyuan,youzheguangfandeyongtu。

快乐赛车软件(1) nongzuowujieganshinengyuan

快乐赛车软件nongzuowujieganshinongyeshengchandefuchanpin,yeshiwoguonongcundechuantongranliao。jieganziyuanyunongyezhuyaoshizhongzhiyeshengchanguanxishifenmiqie。

快乐赛车软件jutongji,woguonongzuowujiegannianchanchuliangwei6.04yidun,qizhongzaofeihaitianjiqishoujisunshiyuezhan15%,shengyu5.134yidun。kehuodedenongzuowujiegan5.134yidunchulezuoweisiliao、gongyeyuanliaozhiwai,qiyudabufenhaikezuoweinonghuchuishi、qunuanranliao,muqianquanguonongcunzuoweinengyuandejieganxiaofeiliangyue2.862yidun,dandaduochuyudixiaoliyongfangshijizhijiezaichaizaoshangranshao,qizhuanhuanxiaolvjinwei10%~20%zuoyou。caiyongjieganqihuajishu,tongguoduijieganbuwanquanranshaohuoganliu,huodekeranqizuoranliao。huojiangjiegantongguoshengwufajiaochanshengzhaoqizuoranliao。zheixieshengwuzhinengzhuanhuajishuketigaonengyuanliyong2~4bei,yinci,jiakuaijiegandeyouzhihuazhuanhuanliyongshizaibixing。

(2) lajifadian

快乐赛车软件lajifadianshibagezhonglajishoujihou,jinxingfenleichuli。qizhong:yishiduiranshaozhijiaogaodejinxinggaowenfenshao(yechedixiaomielebingyuanxingshengwuhefushixingyoujiyaowu),zaigaowenfenshao(chanshengdeyanwujingguochuli)zhongchanshengderenengzhuanhuaweigaowenzhengqi,tuidongwolunjizhuandong,shifadianjichanshengdianneng。ershiduibunengranshaodeyoujiwujinxingfajiao、yanyangchuli,zuihouganzaotuoliu,chanshengyizhongqitijiaojiawan,yejiaozhaoqi。zaijingranshao,barenengzhuanhuaweizhengqi,tuidongwolunjizhuandong,daidongfadianjichanshengdianneng。

(3) zhaoqi

快乐赛车软件zhaoqifajiaoyoujiaoyanyangxiaohua,shizhiliyongrenchufenbian、jiegan、wushuidenggezhongyoujiwuzaimibidezhaoqichinei,zaiyanyang(meiyouyangqi)tiaojianxia,beizhongleifanduodezhaoqifajiaoweishengwufenjiezhuanhua,zuizhongchanshengzhaoqideguocheng。zaizheigeguochengzhong,weishengwushizuihuoyuedeyinsu,tamenbagezhonggutihuoshirongjiezhuangtaidefuzayoujiwu,anzhaogezideyingyangxuyao,jinxingfenjiezhuanhua,zuizhongshengchengzhaoqi。zhaoqishiyizhonghunheqiti,keyiranshao,yinweizheizhongqitizuixianshizaizhaozezhongfaxiande,suoyichengweizhaoqi,tadezhuyaochengfenshijiawanzhan55%~70%zuoyou,eryanghuatanzhan25%~40%zuoyou,ciwaihaiyoushaoliangqingqi、liuhuaqing、yiyanghuatan、danheandeng。

(4) xinnengyuan“shengwuchaiyou”

快乐赛车软件“shengwuchaiyou”shiyizhongshiyoutidaipin。zhongsuozhouzhi,putongchaiyoushicongshiyouzhongtiliande,er“shengwuchaiyou”zekecongdongwu、zhiwudezhifangzhongtiqu,zaimeiguo,muqianzhuyaocongdadouzhongtiqu。zheishiyinweimeiguodedadouchanlianghengao,jiageyebianyi。ciwai,yong“shengwuchaiyou”zuoqicheranliaoduihuanbaoyeyoujijiyiyi——paifangdefeiqisuohandeeryanghuatanyuanmeiyouyongputongchaiyouneimeduo,ereryanghuatanzhengshijiajuwenshixiaoyingdezuikuihuoshou。meiguokangnaierdaxuedeshengtaiyunongyekexuezhuanjiadaiwei•diwentaerjiaoshoucengduishuzhongtidainengyuanzuoleshenruyanjiu,jieguofaxian,“dadouchaiyou”shiyizhongjihaodetidainengyuan。yuyichunxiangbijiao,shengchantongdengliangde“dadouchaiyou”suoxiaohaodenengyuanyaodideduo。ciwai,yuanbenshiyongputongchaiyouweiranliaodefadongjiwuxugaidong,jiukegaiyong“dadouchaiyou”,zhishimuqian“dadouchaiyou”deshengchanchengbenhaipiangao,gushoujialvegaoyuputongchaiyou。shixiazaimeiguo,yuelaiyueduodesijiachehezhengfujiqiyedecheliangkaishishiyong“shengwuchaiyou”,huoputongchaiyouyu“shengwuchaiyou”dehunheranliao。juxi,shengchan“shengwuchaiyou”haiyoulingyizhongyuanliao:canguanyongguodefeiqishiyongyouhezhaguoshutiaodehuangyou。

(5) nengyuanxinxiu——haidai

juxinghaidaideshiyongjiazhi,zaiguowaiyiyoushilikecha。juguoneiyiweizhuanjiazhichu,meiguozhengfuzaijiazhouwaihaikaipileyipianmianji400pingfangqianmidehaidinongchang,zhuanmenzhongzhijuxinghaidai,meidaoshouhuojijie,yiteshudecaishouchuancaishouzhihou,huoliyonghaidaibenshenjuyoudexijunziranfajiao,huoyirengongfangfajiasufajiao,tayiniansuochanshengdehechengtianranqigaoda6.226duoyilifangmi,kegong5wanrenkoudechengshiyinianzhiyong,zheishiyimeiguojiatingderanliaohaoyongliangeryande。

快乐赛车软件(6) nengyuanxinxiu——juzao

巨藻可以用来提炼藻胶,制造五光十色的塑料、纤维板,也是制药工业的原料。近年来,科学家们对巨藻进行了新的研究,发现它含有丰富的甲烷成分,可以用来制造煤气。这一发现是引人瞩目的。美国有关方面乐观地估计,这一新的绿色能源具有诱人的前景。将来,它甚至可以满足美国对甲烷的需求。
快乐赛车软件巨藻可以在大陆架海域进行大规模养殖。由于成藻的叶片较集中于海水表面,这就为机械化收割提供了有利条件。巨藻的生长速度是极为惊人的,每昼夜可长高30厘米,一年可以收割3次。

zuijin,ribenchuguangxingchanzhongyangyanjiusuodeshengwuhuaxueyanjiusuodengzuchengdekeyanxiaozuxuanbu,tamenchenggongdicongyizhongdanshuizaoleizhongtiquchuleshiyou。zheizhongzaoleizaixishoueryanghuatanjinxingguanghezuoyongdeguochengzhongtineixujileshiyou。zaiyanjiuguochengzhongfaxian,zheizhongzaoleibujineryanghuatandexishoulvgao,erqieqishiyoushengchengnengliyuanyuanchaoguoyuxiangdechengdu。tiquchudeshiyoubujinfarelianggao,erqiedan、liuhanliangshao。

3) 生物质能的优点有哪些?

shengwuzhinengjubeixialieyoudian:

(1) tigongdiliuranliao;

(2) tigonglianjianengyuan(yumouxietiaojianxia);

(3) jiangyoujiwuzhuanhuachengranliaokejianshaohuanjinggonghai(liru,lajiranliao);

快乐赛车软件(4) yuqitafeichuantongxingnengyuanxiangbijiao,jishushangdenantijiaoshao。

4) 生物质能的转化技术

shengwuzhinengdekaifaheliyongjuyoujudadeqianli,zhuyaobaokuoliangfangmian:yishijianliyizhaoqiweizhongxindenongcunxinnengliang、wuzhixunhuanxitong,shijieganzhongdeshengwunengyizhaoqidexingshihuanmandishifangchulai,jiejueranliaowenti;ershijianlinengliangnongchang、nenglianglinchangjihaiyangnengliangnongchang。

(1) shengwuzhiqihua

jianggutishengwuzhizhuanhuaweiqitiranliao,chengweishengwuzhiqihua。qijibenyuanlishihantanwuzhizaibuchongfenyanghua(ranshao)deqingkuangxia,huichanshengchukerandeyiyanghuatanqiti,jimeiqi。zhizaomeiqideshebeichengweiqihualu,renmenguyibujizuyangqi,ranghantanwuzhizaimeiyouzugoudekongqideqingkuangxiaranshao,“men”chuyiyanghuatanlai。

(2) shengwuzhiyehua

jianggutishengwuzhizhuanhuaweiyetiranliao,chengweishengwuzhiyehua。tabaokuojianjieyehuahezhijieyehualiangzhong。jianjieyehuashizhitongguoweishengwuzuoyonghuohuaxuehechengfangfashengchengyetiranliao,ruyichun(jiujing)、jiachun;zhijieyehuazeshicaiyongjixiefangfa,yongyazhahuotiqudenggongyihuodekeranshaodeyoupin,rumianziyoudengzhiwuyou,jingtilianchengweiketidaichaiyouderanliao。

(3) shengwuzhirefenjie

快乐赛车软件zheishiyixianghenyouqianlidejishu,yongyuzhiqurenzaoshiyou。yixieshengwuzhitongguorefenjie,kezhiqushengwuyou、shengwutanhekeranshaoqiti,shishengwuzhidedaochongfenliyong。

(4) nengyuannongchang

即建立以获取能源为目的的生物质生产基地,以能源农场的形式大规模培育生物质,并加工成可利用的能源。要对土地进行合理规划,尽可能利用山地、非耕荒地和水域,选择适合当地生长条件的生物质品种进行培育、繁殖,以获得足够数量的高产能植物。在海洋、水域,要充分利用海藻和水生物提取能源,建立海洋能源农场或江河能源农场。同时,将基因工程等现代生物技术广泛应用于能源农场中,以提高能源转化率。

1) 何谓水能资源

shuinengziyuan:zhishuitidedongneng、shinengheyalinengdengnengliangziyuan。guangyideshuinengziyuanbaokuoheliushuineng、chaoxishuineng、bolangneng、hailiunengdengnengliangziyuan;xiayideshuinengziyuanzhiheliudeshuinengziyuan。shuinengshiyizhongkezaishengnengyuan。

2) 水能资源的分布

我国的水能资源丰富,总量位居世界首位。根据2013年最新的全国水力资源复查成果,我国大陆水力资源理论蕴藏量在1万千瓦及以上河流上的水力资源理论蕴藏量年电量为60829亿千瓦时,平均功率为69440万千瓦;理论蕴藏量在1万千万及以上河流上单站装机容量500千瓦及以上水电站的技术可开发装机容量为54164万千瓦,年发电量为24740亿千瓦时,其中经济可开发水电站装机容量40179万千瓦,年发电量17534亿千万时,分别占技术可开发装机容量和年发电量的74.2%和70.9%。
由于我国幅员辽阔,地形与雨量差异较大,因而形成水力资源在地域分布上的不平衡,水力资源分布是西部多、东部少。按照技术可开发装机容量统计,我国经济相对落后的西部云、贵、川、渝、陕、甘、宁、青、新、藏、桂、蒙等12个省(自治区、直辖市)水力资源约占全国总量的81.46%,特别是西南地区云、贵、川、渝、藏就占66.70%;其次是中部的黑、吉、晋、豫、鄂、湘、皖、赣等8个省占13.66%;而经济发达、用电负荷集中的东部辽、京、津、冀、鲁、苏、浙、沪、粤、闽、琼等11个省(直辖市)仅占4.88%。

3) 水能的利用

快乐赛车软件shuinengshiyizhongkezaishengnengyuan,shiqingjienengyuan,shizhishuitidedongneng、shinengheyalinengdengnengliangziyuan。guangyideshuinengziyuanbaokuoheliushuineng、chaoxishuineng、bolangneng、hailiunengdengnengliangziyuan;xiayideshuinengziyuanzhiheliudeshuinengziyuan。shichangguinengyuan,yicinengyuan。shuibujinkeyizhijiebeirenleiliyong,tahaishinengliangdezaiti。taiyangnengqudongdiqiushangshuixunhuan,shizhichixujinxing。dibiaoshuideliudongshizhongyaodeyihuan,zailuochada、liuliangdadediqu,shuinengziyuanfengfu。suizhekuangwuranliaoderijianjianshao,shuinengshifeichangzhongyaoqieqianjingguangkuodetidaiziyuan。muqianshijieshangshuilifadianhaichuyuqibujieduan。heliu、chaoxi、bolangyijiyonglangdengshuiyundongjunkeyiyonglaifadian。

4) 水力发电的原理是什么?

快乐赛车软件shuilifadianguochengqishijiushiyigenengliangzhuanhuandeguocheng。tongguozaitianrandeheliushang,xiujianshuigongjianzhuwu,jizhongshuitou,ranhoutongguoyinshuidaojianggaoweideshuiyindaodaodiweizhideshuilunji,shishuinengzhuanbianweixuanzhuanjixieneng,daidongyushuilunjitongzhoudefadianjifadian,congershixiancongshuinengdaodiannengdezhuanhuan。fadianjifachudedianzaitongguoshudianxianlusongwangyonghu,xingchengzhenggeshuilifadiandaoyongdiandeguocheng。

5) 什么是水电站

shuidianzhanshijiangshuinengzhuanhuanweidiannengdezonghegongchengsheshi,youchengshuidianchang。tabaokuoweiliyongshuinengshengchandiannengerxingjiandeyixilieshuidianzhanjianzhuwujizhuangshedegezhongshuidianzhanshebei。liyongzheixiejianzhuwujizhongtianranshuiliudeluochaxingchengshuitou,huiji、diaojietianranshuiliudeliuliang,bingjiangtashuxiangshuilunji,jingshuilunjiyufadianjidelianheyunzhuan,jiangjizhongdeshuinengzhuanhuanweidianneng,zaijingbianyaqi、kaiguanzhanheshudianxianludengjiangdiannengshurudianwang。youxieshuidianzhanchufadiansuoxudejianzhuwuwai,haichangyouweifanghong、guangai、hangyun、guomu、guoyudengzongheliyongmudefuwudeqitajianzhuwu。zheixiejianzhuwudezonghetichengshuidianzhanshuniuhuoshuilishuniu。

6) 水力发电的原理是什么?

yishuijuyoudezhonglishinengzhuanbianchengdongnengdeshuichongshuilunji,shuilunjijikaishizhuandong,ruowomenjiangfadianjilianjiedaoshuilunji,zefadianjijikekaishifadian。ruguowomenjiangshuiweitigaolaichongshuilunji,kefaxianshuilunjizhuansuzengjia。yincikezhishuiweichayudazeshuilunjisuodedongnengyuda,kezhuanhuanzhidiannengyugao。

7) 水力发电的优点有哪些?

快乐赛车软件(1) liyonggaochuzhishuiliangchiyouweinengzhuanhuandongnengtuidongyuandongji;

(2) liyongyindaoshuilujiyalishuiguanjiangshuiliangzhiweinengzhuanhuanweidongneng;

快乐赛车软件(3) youlizhishuilididianlifuzaizhongxinyuan,lidianjulizhang,shudianfeiyonggao;

(4) shuilifadianxiaolvgaoda90%yishang;

快乐赛车软件(5) danweishuchudianlizhichengbenzuidi;

(6) fadianzhiqidongkuai,shufenzhongneikeyiwanchengfadian。

chucizhiwai,shuilifadianzuoweiqingjienengyuanbeiliyong,shuidianbujinkeyidaitibufenhuodian,juyoudiaofengdeyoudian,zaidianwanganquanyunxingzhongqidaozhongyaodezuoyong,haiketigaoshuiziyuandeliyongxiaolverjibenshangbugaibianqishuizhi,bupaifangwuranwu。liru,zaidianwangxitongzhong,jiansheyigezhuangjirongliangwei2000zhaowadeshuidianzhandaititongdengguimoderanmeihuodianchang,zheiyangmeiniankejieyueyuanmei500wandun,jianshaopaifangeryanghualiu24wandun,jianshaopaifangdanyanghuawu4400wanqianke,yiyanghuatan115wanqianke,shaochanshengfeicha140wandun,shengquelehuodianchangsuoxuyaodelengqueshuiyunxinghepaifang,jikejieyueshuiziyuan,youkebimianduishuihuanjingzaochengrewuran。yinerfazhanshuidian,zaiqudexiangtongdiannengdetongshi,kejianshaohuanjingwuran。

8) 水电站水库的人工湿地作用有哪些?

shuidiankaifa,zaiyigeliuyushangjiansheyigehuoduogeshuiku。shuikukuquxingchengxuduokuwan,shengzhangleduozhongshuishengzhiwuhedongwu,chengweirengongshidi,weishididong、zhiwutigongleshengcuntiaojian,yincizaikuquhekuzhouhuizengjiaduozhongshiheshidihuanjingdedong、zhiwuwuzhong,tigaolejubuquyudeshengwuduoyangxingjiazhi,zengjialeshuiyudezonghegongneng。

人工湿地的形成,可改善当地的环境小气候条件。水库水体的影响,可使周围陆地性气候得以改善:无霜期延长、温差缩小、降低了最高气温、增加了湿度。有关的研究表明,水面上空空气的透明度比成片的房屋群高8%~10%;水面上空紫外线辐射比陆地高30%;水库或水域上的气温在炎热季要降低4~5℃;相对湿度提高10%~15%。

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